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Full text of "Studies in Irian Languages, Part II"

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Morphology in Moi is relatively simple. Verbs must take a prefix agreeing in person and number with the 
subject. Nouns can also take a prefix to indicate possession. Nouns denoting kinship terms and body parts 
must be prefixed to indicate inalienable possession. The verbal prefixes are identical to the nominal prefixes 
and the form of this prefix is similar to the form of the free pronoun. In the Moi pronominal system a three 
way distinction is made in the third person singular: masculine, feminine and non-human. In the third 
person plural only a distinction is made between human and non-hiuman. Furthermore, inclusive and 
exclusive forms are distinguished in the first person plural. 

With regard to prepositional verbs a distinction can be made between same-subject verb sequences 
and different-subject verb sequences. In a same-subject verb sequence the subject prefix of both the main 
verb and the prepositional verb refer to the same subject, as in (2). 

(2) Eeges Bainkete p-oolom p-au a Madele pu-tuk 
earth Bainkete 3S.NH-sit 3S.NH-at.SG LNK Madele 3S.NH-bay 

The Bainkete area lies at the Makbon bay. 

In a different-subject verb sequence the subject of the prepositional verb refers to the zero-object of 
the main verb, as in (3). 

(3) Aa-y-ei n-oosu man-ow 
DU-3PL.H-pull 3PL.NH-to seawards-3SM 

The two of them pulled them (=boats) to the sea. 

Deictic directional marking is expressed through the verbs -aana (sg.)/ -iini (pi.) 'to go' and -aama (sg) / - 
iimi (pi.) 'to come', as in (4) and (5). There is no intonational break between the two verbs. 

(4) Miye po-solo p-aana le 

child 3S.NH-jump 3S.NH-go landwards 

The child jumped onto the land 

(5) Nee-laagi m-aalim m-aama 
person-woman 3SF-go.up 3SF-come 

A woman went up in this direction. 

Perfective aspect can be indicated by the verb -ein 'to finish', and may occur in combination with the 
clitic s indicating perfective. Verb sequences of this kind be may be of the type same subject (6) or different 
subject (7) and (8). 

(6) Te-miye ow se p-aagi p-ein se 
iSG-child 3SM PERF 3S.NH-dead 3S.NH-finish PERF 

My child, it is already dead. 

(7) M-ei kiiyouk p-ein ma-saak aliwe 
3SF-pull k.o. rope 3SG:NH-finish 3SF-tie snare 

After she had pulled a iaiyouA:-rope, she made a snare. 

(8) Yu-guyuk p-ein y-oosu keik 
3PL.H-burry 3S.NH-finish 3PL.H-to house 

After they had hurried it, they went home. 
For some further details on Moi, see Menick (1996). A more detailed description is still in preparation. 


ISSN 0126 -2874 



VOLUME 47, 2000 



Edited by